For pigtail guide nurses a tubes drain

Pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses. Vol. 12 Nbr. 10

Nurse's guide to surgical drain removal Nursing2019

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

Safety Notice 019/09. Information to patients with Pigtail Catheter Next review date Jan 2020 Approved by Gynae-OncologyTeam, QMH Page Page 1 of 1 . Discharge Information on Patient with Pigtail Catheter . Introduction : Pigtail Catheter is commonly used for the drainage of abnormal fluid collection in the lung or abdominal cavity due to various causes., Nurses should know how to care for drains, how to reinstate the vacuum pressure when necessary, and the potential complications that could result from surgical drain use. drain is that it is unlikely to become occluded by the omentum because of the tiny size of the holes..

Pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses.

3 Hemothorax and Pneumothorax Nursing Care Plans Nurseslabs. In case of Skin abscess, the symptoms are, open sore or closed, red-domed nodule, may drain pus and localized swelling with induration. Its treatment consists of incision and drainage Pigtail drain tubes: A guide for nurses. Hayes, Diana // Australian Nursing Journal;May2005, Vol. 12 Issue 10, p19 ., Nurses should know how to care for drains, how to reinstate the vacuum pressure when necessary, and the potential complications that could result from surgical drain use. drain is that it is unlikely to become occluded by the omentum because of the tiny size of the holes..

flow rate through commercially available tubes found a range of 1.5LPM to 3.3LPM at 8F and -10cmH 2O and 17.5LPM through a 24F catheter. 13 Smaller tubes are more likely to malfunction Patient Selection Key for Pigtail Catheters Clinical Update is edited by Patricia Carroll, MS, RN-BC, CEN, RRT, and 10/11/2014 · How to Flush Your Biliary or Abscess Drainage Catheter - Last updated on November 10, 2014 ©2019 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Educational Resources. Log in to print or send this list to your patient and save lists of resources you use frequently.

06/11/2019 · A pigtail drain, also known as a pigtail catheter, is a flexible tube that connects to the genitalia or skin of patients to aid with the draining of waste fluids. It comes as a long , sterile tube with a locking tip and several holes to aid with the drainage process. Pigtail Catheter Placement for Pneumothorax Posted on October 18, 2015 by Jay F Diamond Traditionally, a pneumothorax has been treated with a large bore chest tube connected to suction, with inpatient observation until the chest tube can be pulled.

1. Aust Nurs J. 2005 May;12(10):19-20. Pigtail drain tubes: a guide for nurses. Hayes D(1). Author information: (1)Western Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria. flow rate through commercially available tubes found a range of 1.5LPM to 3.3LPM at 8F and -10cmH 2O and 17.5LPM through a 24F catheter. 13 Smaller tubes are more likely to malfunction Patient Selection Key for Pigtail Catheters Clinical Update is edited by Patricia Carroll, MS, RN-BC, CEN, RRT, and

Using a small bore pigtail catheter is associated with reduced pain and cosmetic advantage, with no other differences in clinical effect nor insertion-related complications compared with conventional large bore chest tubes. Recently small bore pigtail catheter has been reported as an effective alternative treatment option instead of large bore Pigtail drains must be uncoiled prior to removal. Follow manufacturer's instructions regarding removal of drainage device, distance from the chest to cut the catheter and release the string. Failure to uncoil a pigtail drain prior to removal can cause severe pain and internal tissue damage to the patient. 14

Many nurses find chest tube care intimidating—but it doesn’t have to be. Once you understand the basics, you can be confident when caring for patients who have chest tubes. The practice of using a cannula to drain air or fluid from the pleural space dates back to antiquity. It’s one element in the trinity of life-saving medical procedures. Surgical drains, tube, catheters and central lines 1. Surgical Drains, Caths,Tubes and Central Lines A comprehensive Study Al-Momtan, Ahmed T

Percutaneous drainage of the peritoneal cavity has been recently evaluated for the treatment of perforated viscous in the very low birth weight (VLBW) neonate and percutaneous decompression for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) has been studied in older patient populations. This is the first... Pigtail drain tubes: A guide for nurses. Rocket Multipurpose Pigtail Drains; Rocket Multipurpose Pigtail Drains. UK CUSTOMERS ONLY: For support, training and sales, please contact our UK authorised distributor APR medtech Ltd. International customers should contact their local sales office, distributor or our …

security for the drain. COMPLETE PROCEDURE TRAY including syringes, needles, drapes, swabs and ascites drainage bag with tap Description Order Code Rocket® Ascitex™ Multipurpose Drainage Procedure Pack 8.4FG locking pigtail catheter, 6 holes x 30cm, 20ml, 12ml syringes, luer lock, 21g x The use of percutaneous tubes is common in the adult and pediatric patient populations across acute care, long-term care, and home care settings. Increasingly they are being used for pain relief and symptom management in palliative care (Requarth, 2011). Common types of these tubes are gastrostomy, jejunostomy, biliary, and nephrostomy.

allowed to drain passively (See Appendix A) 2.1 Registered Nurses (RNs), Graduate Nurses (GNs), Registered Psychiatric Nurses Licensed Practical Nurses (GLPNs) will assist practitioners with the insertion and removal of chest tubes, as well as maintain and care for chest tubes. Note: Chest tubes will NOT be flushed by all nursing staff. drain in a pigtail formation. Please refer to manufacturers instructions regarding distance from the chest wall and for specific cutting instructions. ¾ Once the pigtail drain has been cut to uncoil t he ‘pigtail’, the catheter can be removed gently and a dressing applied to the drain site as appropriate.

06/11/2019 · A pigtail drain, also known as a pigtail catheter, is a flexible tube that connects to the genitalia or skin of patients to aid with the draining of waste fluids. It comes as a long , sterile tube with a locking tip and several holes to aid with the drainage process. Nurses Removing Chest Tubes Clinical Update is edited by Patricia Carroll, MS, RN-BC, CEN, RRT, and supported by an educational grant from Atrium Medical Corporation.

Safety Notice 019/09. Pigtail drains must be uncoiled prior to removal. Follow manufacturer's instructions regarding removal of drainage device, distance from the chest to cut the catheter and release the string. Failure to uncoil a pigtail drain prior to removal can cause severe pain and internal tissue damage to the patient. 14, Going home with a drain Your comments and concerns For advice, support or to raise a concern, (nurses) or 020 7188 7188 ext 54082 (reception staff). Somerset Ward as they are plastic tubes sitting under the skin, so please try to move as normal..

Nurses Removing Chest Tubes Atrium Med

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

Pigtail Catheters Versus Traditional Chest Tubes for. PDF We report a case of subclavian artery laceration caused by the removal of a pigtail pleural drainage catheter in a patient with a pneumothorax. The patient was successfully resuscitated through diagnostic angiography with subsequent balloon occlusion and primary repair of the..., tube. The pigtail catheter package includes the following: 8.5 French pigtail catheter that is 15 cm long and has a adaptor at the end for connecting to the underwater sealed drainage system, 18 gauge needle, plastic dilator, and J-tip guide wire that is designed to decrease the potential for lung injury..

Pigtail Catheters Versus Traditional Chest Tubes for. Going home with a drain Your comments and concerns For advice, support or to raise a concern, (nurses) or 020 7188 7188 ext 54082 (reception staff). Somerset Ward as they are plastic tubes sitting under the skin, so please try to move as normal., Abstract: Pigtail drain tubes are widely used in Australian hospitals to facilitate the drainage of body fluids such as urine, blood and bile. Nurses working in surgical wards should be aware of the design, purpose, care and removal of pigtail drains to reduce the risks of haemorrhage and infection associated with these drains. (non-author.

Title DRAINS Care of Saskatoon Health Region

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

What Is a Pigtail Drain? eHow. 09/05/2018 · Nurse's guide to surgical drain removal. Knowlton, Mary C. DNP, It won't address drains such as pigtail catheters, chest tubes, or T-tubes, as these are typically removed by the healthcare provider. Nurses caring for surgical patients should be well versed in … 20/02/2016 · Short video to demonstrate how to remove a pigtail locking drain. This video is targeted at medical professionals, contains user contributed content and material that may be confusing to a lay audience. This video in not a substitute for supervised training and should not be deemed as such. Content is published 'as is' with no support..

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses


Using a small bore pigtail catheter is associated with reduced pain and cosmetic advantage, with no other differences in clinical effect nor insertion-related complications compared with conventional large bore chest tubes. Recently small bore pigtail catheter has been reported as an effective alternative treatment option instead of large bore 06/10/2019 · @Mmmo: The swan neck catheter is a different catheter that is usually inserted in your neck vessels and threaded to the heart. This helps the providers and nurses determine certain aspects of how the patient's heart and lungs are performing to guide them in their plan of care. @Googlefanz: I don't think an external pigtail catheter exists.

Nurses Removing Chest Tubes Clinical Update is edited by Patricia Carroll, MS, RN-BC, CEN, RRT, and supported by an educational grant from Atrium Medical Corporation. 4.7 Drain Management and Removal Drain Management. Drains systems are a common feature of post-operative surgical management and are used to remove drainage from a wound bed to prevent infection and the delay of wound healing. A drain may be superficial to the skin or deep in an organ, duct, or a cavity such as a hematoma.

09/05/2018 · Nurse's guide to surgical drain removal. Knowlton, Mary C. DNP, It won't address drains such as pigtail catheters, chest tubes, or T-tubes, as these are typically removed by the healthcare provider. Nurses caring for surgical patients should be well versed in … 06/10/2019 · @Mmmo: The swan neck catheter is a different catheter that is usually inserted in your neck vessels and threaded to the heart. This helps the providers and nurses determine certain aspects of how the patient's heart and lungs are performing to guide them in their plan of care. @Googlefanz: I don't think an external pigtail catheter exists.

Percutaneous drainage of the peritoneal cavity has been recently evaluated for the treatment of perforated viscous in the very low birth weight (VLBW) neonate and percutaneous decompression for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) has been studied in older patient populations. This is the first... Pigtail drain tubes: A guide for nurses. Many nurses find chest tube care intimidating—but it doesn’t have to be. Once you understand the basics, you can be confident when caring for patients who have chest tubes. The practice of using a cannula to drain air or fluid from the pleural space dates back to antiquity. It’s one element in the trinity of life-saving medical procedures.

04/02/2017 · Tube thoracostomy remains the standard of care for the treatment of pneumothoraces and simple effusions. This report describes a favorable experience with the 8.3 French pigtail catheter as a less invasive alternative to traditional chest tube insertion. Fifty-one of 109 patients (47%) were drain in a pigtail formation. Please refer to manufacturers instructions regarding distance from the chest wall and for specific cutting instructions. ¾ Once the pigtail drain has been cut to uncoil t he ‘pigtail’, the catheter can be removed gently and a dressing applied to the drain site as appropriate.

30/04/2010 · Q. What is the correct way to remove a chest drain – on inhalation or exhalation, or does it not matter? Inserting a chest drain, or performing a tube thoracostomy, involves the placement of a plastic tube into the thoracic cavity to remove air or fluid from the pleural space. Chest Tube and Drainage Management fluid-filled chambers of a chest drain, the word water is used for simplicity. Sterile water or sterile saline may be used practice is no longer recommended for routine care of patients with chest tubes). To eliminate this pressure accumulation,

20/02/2016 · Short video to demonstrate how to remove a pigtail locking drain. This video is targeted at medical professionals, contains user contributed content and material that may be confusing to a lay audience. This video in not a substitute for supervised training and should not be deemed as such. Content is published 'as is' with no support. 06/11/2019 · A pigtail drain, also known as a pigtail catheter, is a flexible tube that connects to the genitalia or skin of patients to aid with the draining of waste fluids. It comes as a long , sterile tube with a locking tip and several holes to aid with the drainage process.

flow rate through commercially available tubes found a range of 1.5LPM to 3.3LPM at 8F and -10cmH 2O and 17.5LPM through a 24F catheter. 13 Smaller tubes are more likely to malfunction Patient Selection Key for Pigtail Catheters Clinical Update is edited by Patricia Carroll, MS, RN-BC, CEN, RRT, and 09/05/2018 · Nurse's guide to surgical drain removal. Knowlton, Mary C. DNP, It won't address drains such as pigtail catheters, chest tubes, or T-tubes, as these are typically removed by the healthcare provider. Nurses caring for surgical patients should be well versed in …

Pigtail Catheter Placement for Pneumothorax Posted on October 18, 2015 by Jay F Diamond Traditionally, a pneumothorax has been treated with a large bore chest tube connected to suction, with inpatient observation until the chest tube can be pulled. Pigtail drain A pigtail is a type of catheter that has the sole purpose of removing unwanted body fluids from an organ, duct or abscess. Pigtail drains are inserted under strict radiological guidance to ensure correct positioning. A pigtail is a sterile, Thin, long, universal catheter with …

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

Many nurses find chest tube care intimidating—but it doesn’t have to be. Once you understand the basics, you can be confident when caring for patients who have chest tubes. The practice of using a cannula to drain air or fluid from the pleural space dates back to antiquity. It’s one element in the trinity of life-saving medical procedures. security for the drain. COMPLETE PROCEDURE TRAY including syringes, needles, drapes, swabs and ascites drainage bag with tap Description Order Code Rocket® Ascitex™ Multipurpose Drainage Procedure Pack 8.4FG locking pigtail catheter, 6 holes x 30cm, 20ml, 12ml syringes, luer lock, 21g x

Percutaneous catheter drainage in the treatment of. security for the drain. complete procedure tray including syringes, needles, drapes, swabs and ascites drainage bag with tap description order code rocket® ascitex™ multipurpose drainage procedure pack 8.4fg locking pigtail catheter, 6 holes x 30cm, 20ml, 12ml syringes, luer lock, 21g x, flow rate through commercially available tubes found a range of 1.5lpm to 3.3lpm at 8f and -10cmh 2o and 17.5lpm through a 24f catheter. 13 smaller tubes are more likely to malfunction patient selection key for pigtail catheters clinical update is edited by patricia carroll, ms, rn-bc, cen, rrt, and).

pigtail tube drain, has recently been raised as a less traumatic and painful alternative to traditional treatment. Anatomically, the size of the average adult intercostal space is approximately 8.9 +/- -1.4mm (Gammie et al., 1999). Commonly used chest tubes such as … 4.7 Drain Management and Removal Drain Management. Drains systems are a common feature of post-operative surgical management and are used to remove drainage from a wound bed to prevent infection and the delay of wound healing. A drain may be superficial to the skin or deep in an organ, duct, or a cavity such as a hematoma.

10/11/2014 · How to Flush Your Biliary or Abscess Drainage Catheter - Last updated on November 10, 2014 ©2019 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Educational Resources. Log in to print or send this list to your patient and save lists of resources you use frequently. Pigtail drain A pigtail is a type of catheter that has the sole purpose of removing unwanted body fluids from an organ, duct or abscess. Pigtail drains are inserted under strict radiological guidance to ensure correct positioning. A pigtail is a sterile, Thin, long, universal catheter with …

04/02/2017 · Tube thoracostomy remains the standard of care for the treatment of pneumothoraces and simple effusions. This report describes a favorable experience with the 8.3 French pigtail catheter as a less invasive alternative to traditional chest tube insertion. Fifty-one of 109 patients (47%) were It is felt now that drains may hinder recovery by acting as an 'anchor' limiting mobility post surgery and the drain itself may allow infection into the wound. In certain situations their use is unavoidable. Drains may be hooked to wall suction, a portable suction device, or they may be left to drain naturally.

It is felt now that drains may hinder recovery by acting as an 'anchor' limiting mobility post surgery and the drain itself may allow infection into the wound. In certain situations their use is unavoidable. Drains may be hooked to wall suction, a portable suction device, or they may be left to drain naturally. As nurses develop nursing skills in the nursing profession, they must learn the proper manner in which to care for chest tubes and how to change the chest tube dressing of their patients. Patients depend on the experience of nurses to ensure that their medical care is as precise as possible.

06/10/2019 · @Mmmo: The swan neck catheter is a different catheter that is usually inserted in your neck vessels and threaded to the heart. This helps the providers and nurses determine certain aspects of how the patient's heart and lungs are performing to guide them in their plan of care. @Googlefanz: I don't think an external pigtail catheter exists. 3.3.8 If drain is sutured, clamp sterile forceps onto drain (to prevent drain from slipping into wound) and remove sutures. 3.3.9 Support skin around drain site with sterile forceps. Using second sterile forceps, pull ordered amount of drain out. Move supporting forceps to bottom edge of visible part of drain.

pigtail tube drain, has recently been raised as a less traumatic and painful alternative to traditional treatment. Anatomically, the size of the average adult intercostal space is approximately 8.9 +/- -1.4mm (Gammie et al., 1999). Commonly used chest tubes such as … 30/04/2010 · Q. What is the correct way to remove a chest drain – on inhalation or exhalation, or does it not matter? Inserting a chest drain, or performing a tube thoracostomy, involves the placement of a plastic tube into the thoracic cavity to remove air or fluid from the pleural space.

Pigtail Catheter Placement for Pneumothorax Posted on October 18, 2015 by Jay F Diamond Traditionally, a pneumothorax has been treated with a large bore chest tube connected to suction, with inpatient observation until the chest tube can be pulled. Pigtail drain tubes are widely used in Australian hospitals to facilitate the drainage of body fluids such as urine, blood, and bile, when a patient's condition warrants it. Nurses working in settings such as surgical wards should be aware of the anatomy, purpose, care and removal of pigtail drains to reduce the risks of haemorrhage and infection associated with these drains.

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

Surgical drains tube catheters and central lines

(PDF) Comparison of Pigtail Catheter With Chest Tube for. pigtail drains must be uncoiled prior to removal. follow manufacturer's instructions regarding removal of drainage device, distance from the chest to cut the catheter and release the string. failure to uncoil a pigtail drain prior to removal can cause severe pain and internal tissue damage to the patient. 14, percutaneous drainage of the peritoneal cavity has been recently evaluated for the treatment of perforated viscous in the very low birth weight (vlbw) neonate and percutaneous decompression for abdominal compartment syndrome (acs) has been studied in older patient populations. this is the first... pigtail drain tubes: a guide for nurses.); pigtail drains must be uncoiled prior to removal. follow manufacturer's instructions regarding removal of drainage device, distance from the chest to cut the catheter and release the string. failure to uncoil a pigtail drain prior to removal can cause severe pain and internal tissue damage to the patient. 14, pdf we report a case of subclavian artery laceration caused by the removal of a pigtail pleural drainage catheter in a patient with a pneumothorax. the patient was successfully resuscitated through diagnostic angiography with subsequent balloon occlusion and primary repair of the....

3 Hemothorax and Pneumothorax Nursing Care Plans Nurseslabs

Surgical drains tube catheters and central lines. flow rate through commercially available tubes found a range of 1.5lpm to 3.3lpm at 8f and -10cmh 2o and 17.5lpm through a 24f catheter. 13 smaller tubes are more likely to malfunction patient selection key for pigtail catheters clinical update is edited by patricia carroll, ms, rn-bc, cen, rrt, and, many nurses find chest tube care intimidating—but it doesn’t have to be. once you understand the basics, you can be confident when caring for patients who have chest tubes. the practice of using a cannula to drain air or fluid from the pleural space dates back to antiquity. it’s one element in the trinity of life-saving medical procedures.).

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

Safety Notice 019/09

Rocket Multipurpose Pigtail Drains Rocket Medical plc. security for the drain. complete procedure tray including syringes, needles, drapes, swabs and ascites drainage bag with tap description order code rocket® ascitex™ multipurpose drainage procedure pack 8.4fg locking pigtail catheter, 6 holes x 30cm, 20ml, 12ml syringes, luer lock, 21g x, security for the drain. complete procedure tray including syringes, needles, drapes, swabs and ascites drainage bag with tap description order code rocket® ascitex™ multipurpose drainage procedure pack 8.4fg locking pigtail catheter, 6 holes x 30cm, 20ml, 12ml syringes, luer lock, 21g x).

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

Percutaneous catheter drainage in the treatment of

What is a Pigtail Catheter? (with pictures). 27/02/2014 · nursing care planning and management for patients with hemothorax or pneumothorax includes management of chest tube drainage, monitoring respiratory status, and providing supportive care. establish a normal/effective respiratory pattern with …, pigtail drain a pigtail is a type of catheter that has the sole purpose of removing unwanted body fluids from an organ, duct or abscess. pigtail drains are inserted under strict radiological guidance to ensure correct positioning. a pigtail is a sterile, thin, long, universal catheter with …).

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

Percutaneous catheter drainage in the treatment of

Pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses InformIT. 10/11/2014 · how to flush your biliary or abscess drainage catheter - last updated on november 10, 2014 ©2019 memorial sloan kettering cancer center. educational resources. log in to print or send this list to your patient and save lists of resources you use frequently., drain in a pigtail formation. please refer to manufacturers instructions regarding distance from the chest wall and for specific cutting instructions. ¾ once the pigtail drain has been cut to uncoil t he ‘pigtail’, the catheter can be removed gently and a dressing applied to the drain site as appropriate.).

04/02/2017 · Tube thoracostomy remains the standard of care for the treatment of pneumothoraces and simple effusions. This report describes a favorable experience with the 8.3 French pigtail catheter as a less invasive alternative to traditional chest tube insertion. Fifty-one of 109 patients (47%) were Nurses Removing Chest Tubes Clinical Update is edited by Patricia Carroll, MS, RN-BC, CEN, RRT, and supported by an educational grant from Atrium Medical Corporation.

10/11/2014 · How to Flush Your Biliary or Abscess Drainage Catheter - Last updated on November 10, 2014 ©2019 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Educational Resources. Log in to print or send this list to your patient and save lists of resources you use frequently. Pigtail • Cut suture • Pigtail drain must be uncoiled prior to removal • Gently remove the drainage bag • Cut the catheter to release the string the drain in the pigtail formation. Once that coils the pigtail drain has been cut to uncoil the “pigtail”, supporting the surrounding skin, the catheter can be gently removed.

10/11/2014 · How to Flush Your Biliary or Abscess Drainage Catheter - Last updated on November 10, 2014 ©2019 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Educational Resources. Log in to print or send this list to your patient and save lists of resources you use frequently. 20/02/2016 · Short video to demonstrate how to remove a pigtail locking drain. This video is targeted at medical professionals, contains user contributed content and material that may be confusing to a lay audience. This video in not a substitute for supervised training and should not be deemed as such. Content is published 'as is' with no support.

Surgical drains, tube, catheters and central lines 1. Surgical Drains, Caths,Tubes and Central Lines A comprehensive Study Al-Momtan, Ahmed T Background. The use of thoracostomy tube for drainage of parapneumonic effusion is an important therapeutic measure. In this study, we compared the effectiveness and complications between chest tube and pigtail catheter thoracostomy for drainage of parapneumonic pleural effusion in children.

allowed to drain passively (See Appendix A) 2.1 Registered Nurses (RNs), Graduate Nurses (GNs), Registered Psychiatric Nurses Licensed Practical Nurses (GLPNs) will assist practitioners with the insertion and removal of chest tubes, as well as maintain and care for chest tubes. Note: Chest tubes will NOT be flushed by all nursing staff. Pigtail drain A pigtail is a type of catheter that has the sole purpose of removing unwanted body fluids from an organ, duct or abscess. Pigtail drains are inserted under strict radiological guidance to ensure correct positioning. A pigtail is a sterile, Thin, long, universal catheter with …

Using a small bore pigtail catheter is associated with reduced pain and cosmetic advantage, with no other differences in clinical effect nor insertion-related complications compared with conventional large bore chest tubes. Recently small bore pigtail catheter has been reported as an effective alternative treatment option instead of large bore PDF We report a case of subclavian artery laceration caused by the removal of a pigtail pleural drainage catheter in a patient with a pneumothorax. The patient was successfully resuscitated through diagnostic angiography with subsequent balloon occlusion and primary repair of the...

30/04/2010 · Q. What is the correct way to remove a chest drain – on inhalation or exhalation, or does it not matter? Inserting a chest drain, or performing a tube thoracostomy, involves the placement of a plastic tube into the thoracic cavity to remove air or fluid from the pleural space. Abstract: Pigtail drain tubes are widely used in Australian hospitals to facilitate the drainage of body fluids such as urine, blood and bile. Nurses working in surgical wards should be aware of the design, purpose, care and removal of pigtail drains to reduce the risks of haemorrhage and infection associated with these drains. (non-author

pigtail drain tubes a guide for nurses

How to remove a locking pigtail drain. YouTube